On April 10-11, 2014 the Strategic Studies Institute Islamabad (SSII) organised a workshop on Nuclear Arms Control and Disarmament and Pakistan’s Nuclear Doctrine for students from the International Relations department of the National Defence University, Islamabad.
Director General SSII, Dr Shireen Mazari, Director General spoke about the origins of the Arms Control and Disarmament debate. She cautioned that arms control and disarmament were different terms and should not be used synonymously. While the former refers to negotiating measures leading to curbs on acquiring new weapons, the latter term refers to a quantitative reduction in the total number of existing weapons. Focusing exclusively on arms control often results in a disassociation with disarmament. She further said that the UN Charter itself undermines the concept of disarmament by envisaging collective security through its Military Staff Committee. She also discussed various international regimes and analyzed them in the light of prevailing geo-politics of the region. Dr Mazari also described the two strands of contemporary arms control, one referring to horizontal and the other to vertical proliferation. Talking about Pakistan’s perspective on the issue of FMCT, she said that unless the issue of existing stockpiles was addressed, Pakistan would not agree to an FMCT.
In his presentation Mr. Fazal ur Rahman, Director SSII spoke about Pakistan and the Regional Security Environment with a special emphasis on the upcoming Indian elections, Pakistan’s relations with Iran and the withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan.