The Kashmir Challenge: Multilateralism is the only way forward

Pakistan’s nascent government is hoping for the resumption of bilateral talks with India. However, the government feels that this is not possible before the Indian parliamentary elections in April or May 2019, as electoral rhetoric in India demands an anti-Pakistan approach rather than pursuing dialogue with Pakistan. The political realities suggest that any progress towards reconciliation…

US Withdrawal from the INF & Future of the Non-Proliferation Regime

One after the other, Trump administration has been leaving international organisations, breaking deals and withdrawing from international arms control treaties. The list includes, US withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership, UN Human Rights Council, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. US also stopped funding the United Nations…

Afghan presidential elections: could deferral help the peace process?

Late last month, in a surprise move, the Independent Election Commission (IEC) of Afghanistan announced that next year’s presidential elections will proceed as planned on April 20, after having considered postponing them for a few months. This occurred simultaneously with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, at the Geneva conference, reiteratinghis government’s intention to pursue a peace agreement with the…

The Geopolitics of Sri Lanka’s Crisis

On October 26, 2018, Sri Lankan President, Maithripala Sirisena sacked Prime Minister, Ranil Wickremesinghe and replaced him with Mahinda Rajapaksa. Sirisena also dissolved the legislature and called for snap elections, however, the country’s Supreme Court overturned the presidential decree. On November 14, Sri Lanka’s Parliament passed a motion of no-confidence against the controversially appointed Prime…

Deterrence Stability in South Asia: Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea

India and Pakistan’s seaward nuclearization has received great scholarly attention off late. The thrust of recent literature on the issue focuses on whether an at-sea deterrent has bolstered deterrence stability or aggravated chances of an outbreak of a crisis with escalatory potential. While proponents of a sea-based nuclear force argue that it will augment second-strike…