Press Release (May 8, 2018)
On May 8, 2018, Strategic Studies Institute Islamabad (SSII) hosted a round table discussion on “Building Bridges for Effective Nuclear Disarmament: Current Nuclear Challenges and Opportunities”.
The audience was informed that there are currently 15000 nuclear weapons in the world in 107 different locations spread across 14 countries. There is no capacity to deal with humanitarian consequences of nuclear accident. According to the World Economic Forum ‘s Global Risk Landscape , the world is increasingly at a risk of a nuclear accident due to the growing number of warheads globally. According to the report currently there is no existing mechanism for capping the impact of a nuclear detonation. It was also highlighted that nuclear accidents do happen which sometimes go unreported. Even after the end of the nuclear security summit process 83 % of the worlds HEU and Plutonium remain under military use and have not been addressed. Only the 17% under civilian’s use has been addressed as a result of the Nuclear Security Summit process.
On the issue of North Korea’s denuclearization, the world has welcomed DPRK’s decision. Participants raised questions about who would verify the dismantling of DPRK’s nuclear devices. They were informed that some countries believe that,the IAEA should monitor the process. However, the IAEA is not mandated for this task. Other countries are of the view that CTBTO should oversee the closure and dismantling of DPRK’s nuclear programme. DG SSII Dr Mazari however argued that although CTBT is a non-discriminatory treaty, it remains irrelevant until the US ratifies it.
Dr Mazari suggested that Pakistan should engage other countries, who object to India’s membership of NSG, through its own diplomatic measures in order to effectively deal with the issue. Pakistan needs proactive and timely diplomacy to effectively counter this issue.