[td_block_title title_tag=”h4″ content_align_horizontal=”content-horiz-center” f_header_font_size=”40″ block_template_id=”td_block_template_2″ custom_title=”Pakistan-India relations Timeline 2015 – 2019″ tdc_css=”eyJhbGwiOnsibWFyZ2luLWJvdHRvbSI6IjAiLCJib3JkZXItYm90dG9tLXdpZHRoIjoiMCIsInBhZGRpbmctYm90dG9tIjoiMCIsImRpc3BsYXkiOiIifX0=” f_header_font_line_height=”1.5″][td_block_text_with_title custom_title=”Select Year” block_template_id=”td_block_template_14″ header_color=”#282828″ f_post_font_size=”25″]

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019


Note: The developments regarding Pakistan-India relations and the Kashmir Dispute since January 2015. The news regarding Kashmir is highlighted in green. Please note that the following timeline does not include ceasefire violations along the Line of Control (LoC) and Working Boundary. The time line also does not include developments regarding Kulbhushan Jadhav case.  

Written by Muhammad Abdul Qadeer

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Addressing a media conference on April 29, Director General Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) Major General Asif Ghafoor called on India to resolve unsettled issues with Pakistan, especially the Jammu and Kashmir dispute.

He said the Kashmir issue is “linked with the ideology of Pakistan” and it is the “moral responsibility” of every Pakistani to continue supporting the Kashmiri struggle for the right to self-determination. Major General Ghafoor also warned India that Pakistan’s Army would respond to any Indian aggression with full force saying “Pakistan has the right to use any weapon in its defence.”


On April 18, DG Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) Major General, Asif Ghafoor expressed hope that India would soon accept the truth on its false claims of a 2016 surgical strike, and shooting down Pakistan’s F16.

Major General Ghafoor also asked India to accept that Pakistan Air Force shot down two Indian jets during an aerial clash on February 27, 2019. DG ISPR’s response came immediately after India’s External Affairs Minister, Sushma Swaraj during a rally in Ahmadabad said that no Pakistani soldier or citizen died in the Balakot air strike. She claimed the air strike was carried out in “self-defence”. Following the Indian Air Force air raid into Pakistan on February 26, 2019, Indian officials and media had claimed that Indian warplanes targeted a militant training camp in Balakot, killing hundreds of militants. However, Indian claims were thrown into doubt after international observers found little evidence to support their assertion.


Citing a US official, the Indian Express reported on April 28 that the US government has declined to share any information with India on the use of F-16 fighter jets by the Pakistan Air Force during an aerial fight between the two countries on February 27, 2019.

According to a US official, India complained to the US in March, 2019 that Pakistan had violated the end-user agreement on their F-16’s by using the jets for offensive operations against India. The US official said that after the Indian complaint, Washington informed New Delhi that it would not share any information on this matter because it was a bilateral matter between the
US and Pakistan.


Addressing a rally in Rajasthan on April 21, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi claimed that India was not afraid of Pakistan’s nuclear threat adding India’s nuclear weapons are not meant for ‘Diwali’.

Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry termed the Indian Prime Minister’s remarks as “highly unfortunate and irresponsible.” Meanwhile, the Congress lodged a complaint to the Election Commission regarding Narendra Modi’s “brazen violation” of the poll code by repeatedly invoking the
armed forces during his election campaigns.


On April 9, Prime Minister Imran Khan criticised the leaders of Israel and India of “moral bankruptcy” due to their ambitions of “illegally annexing occupied West Bank & Indian Occupied Kashmir for votes.” The Pakistani Premier added, “don’t their people feel a sense of outrage”.

PM Khan said that the leaders of both countries have defied international law, the UNSC resolutions and their own constitutions through their actions. The comments by the Pakistani Prime Minister came days before general elections in Israel and India. In his election campaign, Benjamin Netanyahu had vowed to annex illegal Israeli settlements if he won a fifth term. Meanwhile, Narendra Modi’s BJP has promised to abrogate Article 370 and 35-A of the Indian constitution if their party retains power in the country. Article 370 grants special status to Jammu and Kashmir and permits the state to draft its own constitution. Article 35-A states that no one other than permanent residents can settle in the state, acquire immovable property and avail government jobs. The BJP’s pledge to abrogate article 35-A is seen as an effort to change the demography of IOK which is the only Muslim majority region in India.


In an interview with foreign journalists on April 9, Prime Minister Imran Khan said that there are better chances of reaching some kind of settlement in Kashmir with India if Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) wins the general elections.

PM Khan said that if the Congress party comes to power, it might be too scared to seek a settlement with Pakistan over disputed Kashmir, fearing a backlash from right-wing parties. The Pakistani Premier condemned the increased attacks on Muslims in India, adding that the rise in extreme Hindu nationalism must be a source of concern and worry to Indian Muslims residing in India. Prime Minister Khan also said that Kashmir is a political struggle and there is no military solution to it.


On April 7, Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi said “reliable intelligence” showed India was planning another military aggression against Pakistan between April 16 and April 20, 2019.

Pakistan informed the diplomats of five Permanent Members of the UN Security Council about the threat of a possible Indian attack. Pakistani officials have told the international community “to take notice of this irresponsible behaviour and reprimand India for taking this path.” Foreign Minister Qureshi says that another Pulwama-like incident could be “staged” in Indian Occupied Kashmir and “its purpose would be to justify their (India’s) offensive against Pakistan and to increase diplomatic pressure against Islamabad.” Pakistan’s Foreign Minister also revealed during a recent high-level meeting, PM Modi gave a free hand to his Armed Forces Chiefs to act against Pakistan. According to Qureshi, “the Indian military chiefs have informed PM Modi that they have already selected targets, which are military in nature and are not necessarily restricted to Azad Kashmir.” Responding to Pakistan’s Foreign Minister’s warning, India’s Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) said “the irresponsible and preposterous statement” by Pakistan is a “public gimmick”. The MEA further said the comments by the Pakistani Foreign Minister is aimed at whipping up war hysteria in the region.

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On March 28, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson, Geng Shuang urged the US to act cautiously on the issue of blacklisting Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) chief, Masood Azhar and avoid bypassing the relevant committee of the UN Security Council.
The comment came a day after the US bypassed the 1267 Sanctions Committee and directly filed a draft resolution with the UNSC to designate the JeM leader as global terrorist. Geng Shuang said that such actions would “only lead to further complication of the issue” and urged the US to “exercise prudence and refrain from forceful actions”. On March 13, 2019, China put on hold a request by Britain, France and the US to add Masood Azhar to the UN sanctions blacklist. China told the UNSC that more consultations were required for “a responsible solution” to such a listing, while also calling on the international community to focus on the Kashmir dispute as well. India has been pushing the UNSC members to name Masood Azhar, who India believes was behind the Pulwama attack, as a UN-designated terrorist.


On March 27, Pakistan’s Foreign Office dismissed a dossier handed over by India in the wake of Pulwama attack and sought “further evidence” from New Delhi to “take the process forward.”

Pakistan’s Foreign Secretary, Tehmina Janjua called on Indian High Commissioner, Ajay Bisaria and shared with him the “preliminary findings” on the Pulwama incident after examining the dossier which India handed over on 27 February, 2019. According to Pakistan’s Foreign Office, the government had constituted “an investigation team, detained a number of persons for investigations and initiated work on the technical aspects of social media content”. The Foreign Office also briefed foreign diplomats regarding the issue. Pakistan made clear that while the investigation continues, preliminary findings reveal that there is no linkage of Pakistan with the Pulwama incident. In reaction, India’s Ministry of External Affairs said it was “disappointed at Pakistan’s response to our detailed dossier” which it said “contained evidence of the Jaish-e-Mohammed’s complicity” in the Pulwama attack.


In an interview with the Financial Times on March 26, Prime Minister Imran Khan warned that there is a possibility of more military hostilities with India.

The Prime Minister said that he is “apprehensive” that “something could happen” before the Indian elections scheduled in May 2019. He said that after the Pulwama attack, “we knew the Modi government would use this incident to create war hysteria.” The Premier reiterated that both countries possess nuclear weapons, and that if the Pak-India conflict “had gone further…then God knows where it would have got to.” Tensions between Pakistan and India reached a dangerous level in February 2019, after Indian warplanes crossed the Line of Control (LoC) and claimed to have carried out a “pre-emptive strike on militant’s training camp” in
Balakot, Pakistan. On the following day, Pakistan’s Air Force retaliated and shot down two Indian fighter jets, resulting in the capture of Indian pilot, Abhinandan Varthaman, who was later released by Pakistan as a “peace gesture”. Meanwhile, quoting Pakistani, US and Indian government sources, Reuters reported on March 17, 2019, that “at one stage, India threatened to fire at least six missiles at Pakistan, and Pakistan said it would respond with its own missile strikes three times over”. The report also claimed that interventions by US officials, including National Security Advisor John Bolton
prevented a bigger conflict.



On March 4, Pakistan’s Foreign Minister, Shah Mehmood Qureshi said that Pakistan foiled potential missile attacks by India at more than five sites inside the country as the military was on full alert.

Tensions between Pakistan and India reached a dangerous level after Indian warplanes crossed the Line of Control (LoC) and entered into Pakistani airspace on February 26, 2019. The Indian jets were forced to retreat after Pakistani fighter jets intercepted them. India said it was a response to February 14 Pulwama attack and claimed that its Air Force had carried out a “preemptive strike on militant’s training camp” in Balakot in Pakistan. Pakistan rejected India’s claim by saying the Indian jets hit “an empty area” and that no casualties or damage to infrastructure occurred. International observers also found little evidence to support Indian claims. In less than 24 hours, Pakistan Air Force, in a swift retaliatory attack, shot down two Indian fighter jets and captured an Indian pilot, Abhinandan Varthaman, who was later released by Pakistan as a “peace gesture”.


Quoting “a highly placed government source,” Dawn reported on March 5 that India at the peak of its standoff with Pakistan in February 2019, had planned a “dangerous attack” in Pakistan with Israeli backing.

The news report claimed that India had planned to attack Pakistan from its Rajasthan airbase, which is located about a 100km from the international border with Pakistan. However, through “timely intelligence and backdoor messaging”, Pakistan conveyed to India that “a befitting response” would be given if it carried out the planned attack and warned that it could “take the two countries to a point of no return”. Neither India nor Israel commented on these claims.


In a related development on March 1, 2019, Pakistan’s Army Chief, General Qamar Javed Bajwa told the top military personnel of the US, the UK and Australia that Pakistan would “surely respond to any aggression in self-defence.”


On March 4, the Pakistan Navy “successfully” thwarted an Indian submarine’s attempt to enter Pakistani waters.

The Pakistan Navy detected the Indian submarine and “used its specialised skills to ward off the Indian submarine, successfully keeping it from entering Pakistani waters.” The Navy said its forces did not target the submarine due to a government policy of maintaining “restraint.” This is the second time since 2016 that Pakistan Navy has detected an Indian submarine trying to enter into Pakistani waters. The development came days after a dogfight between Pakistani and Indian warplanes over the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir.


On March 1, Pakistan released an Indian pilot who was captured by the Pakistani Army on February 27, 2019, after his MiG-21 jet was shot down by Pakistan Air Force during a dogfight over the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir.

The Indian Pilot, identified as Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman, was handed over to Indian authorities at the Wagah border crossing. Prime Minister Imran Khan had ordered the release of the captured Indian pilot as “a gesture of peace.” The move helped in de-escalating military confrontation between the two nuclear-armed powers which was triggered after they carried out air strikes against each other. In this action, the Pakistan Air Force also shot down two Indian fighter jets. Many around the world described the freeing of an Indian pilot by Pakistan “A Moral Victory” for the country. In a televised address to the nation, and India, on February 27, 2019, Prime Minister Imran Khan said the two countries could not afford any miscalculation because of the weapons both countries possess. The Premier said, “If this conflict escalates, things will no longer be in my control or in Modi’s.”


On March 2, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) adopted a resolution which said that Kashmir remains the core dispute between Pakistan and India and its resolution is indispensable for peace in South Asia.

The OIC resolution also reaffirmed “unwavering support for the Kashmiri people in their just cause” and condemned the atrocities and human rights violations by Indian troops in Indian Occupied Kashmir. The development came a day after Indian External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj attended the session of the OIC in Abu Dhabi as the guest of honour. Meanwhile, Pakistan’s Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi did not attend the session due to Swaraj’s participation in the event. In response, India’s Ministry of External Affairs spokesperson, Raveesh Kumar said, “As regards the resolutions on Jammu and Kashmir, our stand is consistent and well known. We reaffirm that Jammu and Kashmir is an integral part of India and is a matter strictly internal to India.”

On March 10, Indian Minister for Water Resources, Arjun Mehgwal said that India has decided to stop the flow of three eastern rivers to Pakistan.

Mehgwal said, “0.53 million acre-feet water has been stopped from going to Pakistan.” He added, “the water has been stored and whenever Rajasthan or Punjab needs it, they can use it for drinking and irrigation purposes.” Media reports citing Pakistani experts claimed that India’s decision to stop water flow of eastern rivers into Pakistan would not affect the country as the Indus Waters Treaty already gives India right to use water from the Eastern rivers (the Ravi, the Beas and the Sutlej).


On March 14, Pakistan and India held “constructive discussions” for the facilitation of Sikh pilgrims to visit Gurudwara Kartarpur Sahib using the Kartarpur Corridor.

The meeting was held at Attari in India. The Pakistani delegation was led by DG (South Asia & SAARC) at Foreign Ministry, Dr. Mohammad Faisal while the Indian side was led by S.C.L.  Das, Joint Secretary at Ministry of Home Affairs. Pakistan’s Foreign Office said that both sides held detailed discussions on various aspects and provisions of the draft agreement for facilitation of pilgrims. Pakistan and India also agreed to work towards “expeditiously operationalising” the Kartarpur Corridor.


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On February 27, Pakistan Air Force jets undertook a strike in Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK) from Pakistani airspace. The Pakistan Air Force also shot down two Indian fighter jets. One of the aircrafts fell inside Azad Kashmir and the other fell inside IOK. One Indian Air Force pilot, identified as Wing Commander Abhi Nandan, was captured by the Pakistani Army on the ground.

Pakistan said “it struck non-military targets, avoiding human loss and collateral damage” during a strike in IOK and the “sole purpose” of this action was “to demonstrate our right, will and capability for self-defence.” In a televised address to the nation, and India, on February 27, Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan, said the two countries could not afford any miscalculation because of the weapons both countries possess. He reiterated his message of peace and recommended dialogue as a way of moving forward, while assuring India of Pakistan’s cooperation. However, the Prime Minister maintained the “sole purpose of our action was to convey that if you can come into our country, we can do the same” while referring to the PAF airstrike in Indian Occupied Kashmir.

On February 26, the Indian Air Force crossed the Line of Control, entering 3-4 nautical miles into Pakistani airspace but flew back, dropping payload into a forest near Balakot, after Pakistani fighter jets intercepted them. No casualties or damage was reported.

The situation between Pakistan and India became highly tense after Indian aircrafts intruded into Pakistani airspace from Muzafarabad sector on February 26, 2019. Pakistan Air Force intercepted the intruding planes. Following the air space violation by Indian jets, Indian Foreign Secretary, Vijay Gokhale claimed that the Indian Air Force carried an air strike on what it said was a “militant training base of Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM)”. He said the action was taken in response to the killing of 40 Indian paramilitary soldiers on February 14, 2019 in Pulwama in IOK. He further claimed that a “large number” of militants, including JeM commanders were killed in the strike. Gokhale said “a pre-emptive strike became absolutely necessary because there was credible intelligence that JeM was planning more suicide attacks in India. Pakistan rejected the Indian Foreign Secretary’s claims, and maintained no casualties or damage to infrastructure occurred as a result of the strike, stating firmly that the Indian aircrafts dropped their payload in an “empty area.” Pakistan, however, made clear that India committed “uncalled aggression” when it violated Pakistani airspace and warned that it would “respond at the time and place of its choosing”. On the following day, Pakistan’s Air Force undertook a strike in IOK from Pakistani airspace and shot down two Indian fighter jets. One Indian pilot identified as Wing Commander, Abhi Nandan was captured by the Pakistani Army. Hours after the incident, India’s Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) confirmed that India had indeed lost one jet- a MiG 21. However, the MEA also claimed that India had shot down a Pakistani fighter jet, but gave no evidence of this claim. Pakistan responded to the Indian claim by categorically denying that any of its planes had been shot down by India. As a result of rising tensions between the two nations, Pakistan decided to close it’s airspace. This event constitutes the first time the two nuclear-armed powers have launched air strikes against each other since the Pakistan-India war of 1971. The confrontation has raised the possibility of military escalation between the two arch rivals whose relations have remained hostile due to the Kashmir Dispute.

Addressing the joint session of Parliament, Prime Minister Imran Khan announced on February 28 that Pakistan would release the captured Indian pilot, Abhi Nandan as “a gesture of peace.” Prime Minister Imran Khan also reminded India that talks over Kashmir are important as “this issue is because of Kashmir.

On February 27, 2019, the Indian government summoned the Pakistani Envoy and handed over a demarche demanding the “immediate and safe return” of the captured pilot. The US, China, Britain and other world powers have urged restraint from Pakistan and India as tensions continue to escalate. Meanwhile, Turkey said that it supports Pakistan’s position, and rejected the accusations levelled by India on Pakistan that it was behind the Pulwama attack.

On February 21, the UN Security Council (UNSC) urged all states to “cooperate actively” with India in bringing to justice all those responsible for the Pulwama attack in which 40 paramilitary Indian soldiers were killed on February 14, 2019.

India, despite its best efforts, was unable to succeed in pushing the UN Security Council members to implicate Pakistan for the Pulwama attack.

In a televised address to the nation and India on February 19, Prime Minister Imran Khan said that Pakistan was ready to cooperate with India in its investigation of the Pulwama attack in IOK. However, the Pakistani Premier vowed retaliation if attacked.

Prime Minister Imran Khan said Islamabad will take action if India shares any actionable evidence concerning Pulwama’s attack.

On February 14, at least 40 Indian paramilitary soldiers were killed after their convoy was hit by an explosives-laden vehicle in Pulwama in Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK). Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) claimed responsibility for the attack.

Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi vowed “a befitting reply” to the perpetrators of the attack. India’s Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS), which takes decisions on matters of security and strategic affairs, met in New Delhi to discuss the deteriorating security situation in IOK. Following the CCS meeting, Finance Minister, Arun Jaitley said that there was “incontrovertible evidence” of Pakistan’s involvement in the attack. Jaitley said that India would take “all possible diplomatic steps to ensure the complete isolation” of Pakistan. Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry strongly rejected any attempts “to link the attack to Pakistan without investigations.” India has been battling an armed conflict in IOK where more than 500 people including, civilians, fighters and Indian troops were killed in 2018.

On February 13 , Indian troops killed two Kashmiri civilians in Budgam district of Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK). The killings occurred during a cordon and search operation by Indian troops in Budgam district.

The killings triggered anti-India protests in the region, with hundreds of residents demanding an end to India’s illegal occupation.

On February 3, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK). During Modi’s visit, a complete shutdown was observed in IOK to register protest against Indian Prime Minister’s visit to the territory.

The Indian authorities placed Hurriyat leaders including Syed Ali Geelani and Mirwaiz Umar Farooq under house arrest to prevent them from leading anti-India demonstrations on Modi’s visit. The Indian Prime Minister also visited Ladakh region, where he inaugurated the construction of a tunnel connecting Ladakh with the Kashmir Valley.

On February 5, President Arif Alvi vowed Pakistan’s “political, diplomatic and moral support” for the people of Kashmir in their “just struggle for the right of self-determination.” He also asked India to stop massive human rights violations in Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK).

President Alvi was addressing the Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) Legislative Assembly in Muzaffarabad on “Kashmir solidarity day”. Pakistan’s President urged the UN to send a “factfinding mission” to IOK and fulfil its pledge to the Kashmiris regarding a UN-sponsored plebiscite. He also warned India not to “justify its act of terrorism by killing innocent Kashmiris” and then labelling them “as militants”.

During his visit to London on February 4, Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi addressed the International Seminar on “Human Rights Violations in IOK” in the UK Parliament.

Speaking at the conference, Pakistan’s Foreign Minister called upon Indian authorities to ban the use of pellet guns against unarmed protesters in IOK and initiate an inquiry into the “human rights violations” against Kashmiris. The event was organised by the All Party Parliamentary Group on Pakistan (APPG-Pakistan) at the House of Commons. On January 31, 2019, India had asked the UK government not to host the Kashmir solidarity conference in the British parliament. However, India could not succeed in stopping the event, as the UK government said “Britain’s Members of Parliament are independent of government and it is for individual members to decide who they meet and for what purpose.” • In a televised interview on February 6, 2019, Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi reiterated the demand for a plebiscite in Jammu and Kashmir saying “that is a commitment by India as part of the UN agenda…Give the people the right to self-determination.”

According to Dawn on February 1, a team of Pakistani experts led by Commissioner for Indus Waters, Syed Mehr Ali Shah inspected four hydropower projects at Chenab basin in India, including 1,000MW Pakal Dul, 48MW Lower Kalnai, 850MW Ratlay and 900MW Baglihar dam.

The team also inspected the Baglihar dam. After concluding his visit, Pakistan’s Commissioner for Indus Waters appreciated the Indian authorities for cooperating with the Pakistani team in carrying out the inspection of these projects.



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On January 31, Pakistan’s government reiterated its support for the Kashmir cause and rejected India’s objections over Pakistan Foreign Minister’s telephonic discussion with All Parties Hurriyat Conference (APHC) leader, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq.

On January 29, 2019 Pakistan’s Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi held a telephonic conversation with Umar Farooq and informed him about Pakistan’s efforts to highlight India’s human rights violations in Indian Occupied Kashmir.

On January 24, Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) Director General, Major General Asif Ghafoor rejected a report by Hindustan Times which claimed that Pakistan’s Army Chief, General Qamar Javed Bajwa had approached his Indian counterpart General Bipin Rawat for talks.

Pakistan’s Army also rejected the Indian newspaper’s claim in the same report that General Bajwa and Indian Army Chief General Bipin Rawat had served together in Congo. According to DG ISPR, the decision for talks was the “prerogative of both the governments.”

During her visit to Pakistan on January 18, United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) President, Maria Fernanda Espinosa held talks with Prime Minister Imran Khan and Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi.

During the meeting, Pakistan’s leadership raised the Kashmir dispute with UNGA President and asked her to set up a commission to probe human rights abuses in the Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK). Pakistan also underscored the need for the UN to ensure implementation of the relevant Security Council resolutions on Kashmir. On her part, Espinosa said that “dialogue” is the only way to resolve conflict between Pakistan and India.

On January 13, Indian authorities briefly detained an official of the Pakistan High Commission in New Delhi. The official was released after Pakistan’s Foreign Office raised the matter with the Indian government.

The Foreign Office termed the detention a “violation of the Vienna convention on diplomatic relations” and said it “reserves the right to respond.” According to the Indian media the official was arrested following a quarrel with an Indian citizen in New Delhi.

On January 11, Pakistani authorities claimed that India’s intelligence agency, Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) funded the terrorist attack on the Chinese consulate in Karachi in November 2018.

The authorities further claimed that the attack was planned in Afghanistan. The revelation came after Law Enforcement Agencies arrested five suspected militants linked to the Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA), for their involvement in the Chinese consulate attack. However, the Indian government termed the charges “scurrilous”.

On January 11, India allowed Pakistani experts to inspect its hydropower projects at the Chenab basin, 1,000MW Pakal Dul and 48MW Lower Kalnai, from January 28 to 31, 2019.

In August 2018, the meeting of the Permanent Commission for Indus Waters (PCIW) was held in Lahore during which India allowed Pakistani experts to inspect the projects at the Chenab basin. However, it postponed the inspection after tensions ratcheted up between the two rivals in September 2018, after India backtracked from holding a bilateral meeting on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York.

On January 5, Pakistan’s Foreign Minister, Shah Mehmood Qureshi rejected Indian media’s claims that Pakistan was planning a “surgical strike” against India.

The Foreign Minister also warned that irresponsible statements by the Indian leadership could damage regional peace. Earlier in January 2019, Indian media reports claimed that Pakistan Army and Lashkar-i-Taiba (LeT) fighters were planning to carry out a surgical strike against Indian posts along the Line of Control (LoC). The reports follow Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s televised interview in which he said “it would take time to make Pakistan mend its ways.”